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Sunday, September 8, 2019

Ausli Network Compensation Plan and How To Get Started


Ausli known as Guangxi Ausli Biotech was established in 2012. Ausli is a company dedicated to production of top class health products.

They adopted the MLM method in order to reduce marketing cost and to reward members.

Ausli is a Chinese company and has incorporated traditional Chinese medicine into their products.

According to Ausli, they incorporate medicinal herbs and adopt state of the art equipment to extract useful ingredients that helps improve the health of people who take the products.<br />

Contact Peter: https://api.whatsapp.com/send?phone=2348036532254&text=I%20want%20to%20join%20Ausli 


Ausli Nigeria Compensation Plan

UNIQUE FEATURES OF AUSLI COMPENSATION PLAN :💥*





One Time Life International Registration
No Compulsory Purchase or Autoship
Points are cummulative
Upgrade can occur when you so desire
Payment is weekly/Withdrawal Anyday
Select your product of choice at registration
You can Place Order or Sign Up with Earnings.
Free bonus, Car, Travel, House Etc.,
Global Dividend and Profit Sahring
Account for Offshore Payment.

See also: How to make money from Longrich

🚀Take *A Binary* Position with Any of the following *Five(5) Packages💰:*

1. *BRONZE* : $30 x 400 or #12,000 ~ 21pv.
Benefits : - *Select your choice products* worth 100% your money.


                  - Get 12% Referral Bonuses on ALL your Direct.
                  - 8% Matching, Organization or Binary (Direct &amp; Spillover) Bonuses.
                  - $420 Weekly Cap (Excess is carried over).
                  - 5% Level Gap Bonuses (Upgrade anytime to maximise).
                  - 0.5% Down 10th Generation Investment Bonuses (for the lazy!).
                  - 2% Management Bonuses *for* 3 Generations Downlines share!
                  - Nill Leadership Bonus.
                  - 1% Repeat Consumption Bonuses from 20 Generations Downlines.
                  - $150 Vouchers.
                  - Cannot be Agent, nor enjoy 5% Agent Bonus.

2. *SILVER* : $100 x 400 or #40,000 ~ 70pv.
Benefits : - *Select your choice products* worth 100% your money.

                  - Get 14% Referral Bonuses on ALL your Direct.
                  - 10% Matching, Organization or Binary (Direct &amp; Spillovers) Bonuses.
                  - $1400 Weekly Cap (Excess is carried over).
                  - 6% Level Gap Bonuses (Upgrade anytime to maximise).
                  - 0.5% down 10th Generation Investment Bonuses (for the lazy!).
                  - 2% Management Bonuses *for* 4 Generations Downlines share!
                  - Nill Leadership Bonus.
                  - 1% Repeat Consumption Bonuses from 25 Generations Downlines.
                  - $300 Vouchers.
                  - Cannot be Agent, nor enjoy 5% Agent Bonus.

3. *GOLD* : $500 x 400 or #200,000 ~ 350pv.
Benefits : - *Select your choice products* worth 100% your money.

                  - Get 16% Referral Bonuses On ALL your Direct.
                  - 11% Matching, Organization or Binary (Direct &amp; Spillover) Bonuses.
                  - $7000 Weekly Cap (Excess is carried over).
                  - 7% Level Gap Bonuses (Upgrade anytime to maximise)
                  - 0.5% Down 10th Generation Investment Bonuses(for the lazy!).
                  - 2% Management Bonuses *for* 5th generation downlines share!
                  - 10% Average distribution Leadership Bonus (Upline)
                  - 1% Repeat consumption Bonuses from 30 Generations Downlines.
                  - $1500 Vouchers.
                  - Cannot be Agent, nor enjoy 5% Agent Bonus.

4. *DIAMOND 1* : $1000 x 400 or #400,000 ~ 700pv.
Benefits : - *Select your choice products* worth 100% your money.


                  - Get 18% Referral Bonuses On ALL Direct.
                  - 12% Matching, Organization or Binary (Direct &amp; Spillover) Bonuses.
                  - $14000 Weekly Cap (Excess is carried over).
                  - 8% Level Gap Bonuses (Upgrade anytime to maximise)
                  - 0.5% Down 10th Generation Investment Bonuses(for the lazy!).
                  - 2% Management Bonuses *for* 8 Generations downlines share!
                  - 10% Average distribution Leadership Bonus (Upline)
                  - 1% Repeat consumption Bonuses from 35 Generations Downlines.
                  - $5000 Vouchers.
                  - Cannot be Agent, nor enjoy 5% Agent Bonus.

5. *DIAMOND 2* : $2000 x 400 or #800,000 ~ 1400pv.
Benefits : - *Select your choice products* worth 100% your money.
                  - Get 20% Referral Bonuses On ALL your Direct
                  - 13% Matching, Organization or Binary (Direct &amp; Spillover) Bonuses.
                  - $28000 Weekly Cap (Excess is carried over)
                  - 10% Level Gap Bonuses (Upgrade anytime to maximise)
                  - 0.5% Down 10th Generation Investment Bonuses (for the lazy!).
                  - 2% Management Bonuses *for* 10 Generations Downlines share!
                  - 10% Average distribution Leadership Bonus (Upline)
                  - 1% Repeat consumption Bonuses from 40 Generations Downlines.
                  - $10000 Vouchers.
                  - 5% Agent Bonus On Turn Over! 😲

Ausli Products

1. Universal Ozone Oil

For instance, Universal Ozone Oil treats all skin related problems caused by Bacteria, Fungi, or Virus. The list of ailments here is very long.
Universal Ozone Oil* has been applied to various Skin diseases (infections/inflammations):


Folliculitis (Pimples, Acne)
Dermatitis,
Dandruff,
Psoriasis,
Skin eczema,
Skin ulcers
Scrotum moist,
Onychomycosis,
Athlete's foot,
Body Odor,
Spore rash,
Skin burns,
Frostbites.

Rob/apply on the affected are of the skin 2 to 3 times daily.

*Ozone kills bacteria, fungi, viruses spontaneously.*
*Universal Ozone Oil* has also  been used to combat the following health issues:

Oral ulceration,
Gingivitis,
Cold,
Rhinitis,
Otitis media,
Tonsil inflammation,
Pharyngitis,
Bronchitis,
Asthma,
Gastritis,
Gastric ulcer,
Enteritis,
Prostatitis,

*Direction: 2-3 drops of Universal Ozone Oil under the tongue 2-3 times daily.*
*Universal Ozone Oil*
Also useful for:

Beauty (dark spot, acne),
Scars (stretch marks, scars, pock marks),
varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Four Major products of Ausli International

Moxibution is for Arthritis
Prostate HP is for Prostate
Gynae BA is for gynaecological issues
Universal Ozone oil is for Skin problems and internal ulcerations.



Thursday, September 5, 2019

Longrich Entry Levels and Bonuses in Nigeria

In this post you would learn about Longrich business opportunity and Longrich entry levels.

If you want to learn how to make money with longrich then read this post titled:

How to Make Money on Auto Pilot through Longrich in Nigeria



The performance bonus

.

It simply means total activity done each week by the organization.

As the Activities accumulate they calculate it as points and at the end of the week they pay you a percentage based on how you partner with the company.

 The Entry-level.


we have four MAJOR entry-level.

1. Silver
2  Gold
3. Platinum
4.  VIP


Every week the organization pays you.

IF YOU ENTER IN AS SILVER YOU ARE PAID 8%
IF YOU ENTER IN AS Gold YOU ARE PAID 10%
IF YOU ENTER IN AS platinum YOU ARE PAID 12%

but if you enter in as VIP you are paid 12% weekly and then 1% on the global profit of the company -that is the performance bonus.

And with Performance Bonus, your earning is unlimited.
On Performance Bonus, there is no cap on the number of people you can earn from and remember it is paid every week.

The next thing I want to talk about is the development bonus.

The Development Bonus




In Longrich company the smart way to grow this business is to technically refer 3 people. if you refer three people in this business you can max your compensation plan. the moment your three people are in place your development bonus gets activated.
and how is the development bonus paid?

Every week Longrich international pay 10% of every person in your genealogy.
They pay unlimited.

unlimited means if you make 1 billion dollars this week you make that money. It doesn't matter if you have 5, 10 or 100 people. That is the development bonus.

The next is the leadership bonus.

Leadership Bonus



Leadership bonus allows you to earn on everyone up to 12 generations.

Leadership bonus is paid based on your rank.

Your rank means that after you join the business you accumulate some point.

And that point will move you up and up and up.

and the ranks.
you have d1, d2, d3, d4, d4 -d7

And after this, you have the opportunity to enter into .star 1-5

The next bonus is our retail order bonus.

Retail Order Bonus




Remember I told you that when people buy products they earn retail bonus and if they are under you as they buy and sell products Longrich International pays 4.5% up to 15 levels. What this means that the people you brought as they buy products Longrich gives you 4.5% on whatever purchases they make up to 15 levels.

that is the retail order bonus.

One wonderful thing about Longrich international is that they have tangible real-life incentives,

and the first incentive is the free travel incentive.
every year we have four destination
China and Dubai is constant while Singapore and Malaysia is the alternative.

when Longrich gives you the travel incentives the accommodation, flight, feeding. Everything is taken care of. And on top of this and pocket money is given you as want to spend.

One viable thing is that when you travel  Longrich take you all the exciting places and cities of those countries.


The second amazing incentive which is the dream of any smart person. That is a free car.

I am smiling because the first time I heard this I thought it was one of those things until I got my car within 5 months.

Longrich allows you to win a free car after you have made some points.

It is blessed to have a car for free. For free. That is what Longrich brings to us.

The next incentive is our free educational scholarship.
Longrich has a university that they partner with that allows you to have a four years free scholarship.
and if you don't want to go, you can write a letter giving it to someone else. giving it to a friend, a sibling, a child. The letter will tell people to go on your behalf.

The next one which is so amazing. is the free house.

Longrich gives you a house worth 150000 dollars for free. Almost worth 25 million nairas.

Wow! This is an amazing opportunity.

Some people ask why are they doing so much.

You know Longrich started the MLM aspect several years ago though they had existed for 30 years.

For those 30 years, they produced for companies like Mark and Spencer.

As part of the CSR, they decided to add MLM so that people can get cars, houses, and travel.


that is why they decided that instead of spending money on adverts they can offer the money to you.

So Longrich said; instead use our platform.
Use our products and become a distributor.

How do I partner with Longrich?

I know you are excited and you love what you have seen.

you love the products
and you love the compensation.


Longrich has four ways to partner with them

1. the VIP package. the VIP package is for those who want to come big.

For those who want to invest big and it is higher than other packages.

As a VIP, every week you earn the 12% performance bonus and every month you earn 1% of the global profit of the company and ultimately any money you pay Longrich is not for registration fee or processing fee. The money you pay is for the money given to you for retail. so when you dispose of the product you make your money back.

so from day 1, your money is gotten back. That is the VIP package.

The next package is the platinum package for those who think the platinum package is too much. The platinum package comes with only.......
Note again for the platinum package you are entitled to a 12% performance bonus I just mentioned.
Remember there is no money again you pay again to Longrich that they don't give you product in return. so fro every product you make your money back with a profit.

The next package for those who still think that ah ...... is too much is the gold package. the gold package is the........ ......allows you to earn 10% every week on the performance bonus and of course, the gold package allows you to get enough products to make your money back in excess that is profit.

and of course, for those who are recent graduates who want to also make money, Longrich says come in as a silver. As a silver partner, you just start the business with just .......naira yes ......naira.
and again the silver allows you to earn the performance bonus of 8 % every week and it also allows you to earn product that on you sell you make more money.

And Longrich allows you to partner with them in any of this package.
and if you want to move to the next level you don't pay a higher amount you just pay the difference.

for example, is you started with 60000 Naira, you don't pay 120000 Naira to move to the next level. You just pay 60000.

Remember registering with Longrich is free.

And finally, after coming on in this packages you work to any Longrich to buy any amount you want to buy.but to activate the bonus you need to enter with any of this package.

And note this -  we use to leverage.

The earlier you partner the more you make as people come under you.
timing is essential so that why we say the choice is yours to change your future.

your choice determines your life.

What you are today depends on the choices you made yesterday.

What you are tomorrow will depend on the choices you make now.


  • Longrich pays weekly
  • no target
  • no Autoship meaning every month you are not mandated to
  • you can open multiple accounts.
  • 5 free monthly products
  • free travel tips
  • free cars
  • selling is not a must


Sometimes what holds us back is our mindset.

this allows us to have the world as our market.
In the 21st century, if you are not online you are out of the world.
If your business is not online you are out of business.

Longrich allows you to have a free back office -a free website that you can access and see whatever your activity, your team and how much you have earned.

Remember you are paid into your account every day.

The future belongs to those who see possibilities.

If you are born poor it's not your fault- but if you die poor it is your fault.

Saturday, August 10, 2019

How to Make Money on Auto Pilot through Longrich in Nigeria

Longrich partners in Nigeria port harcourt lagos
How To Make Money With Longrich in Nigeria


Are you in Port Harcourt, Lagos, Akwa Ibom or Ontisha?

Are you someone who love to make money from the comfort of your home ? Then Longrich is one way you can achieve this. The reason is simple. You make money when you solve peoples problem. And you can solve problem from the comfort of your home. I understand that fear has made it difficult for people to solve problem and make money.

Want to join? https://api.whatsapp.com/send?phone=2348036532254&text=I%20want%20to%20join%20Longrich

I understand that fear. How about if I show you how to solve that problem without having to directly speak with people. Because whether you are selling honey, clothes or mosquito repellants or if you are a shop owner you need a means to get people to come to you. Those who are able to do this are the people who are the most successful in business.

However, to be successful you need one primary ingredient. And that ingredient is a product or service that is hot. A hot product or service is one that solves a specific problem.

And here is where Longrich is awesome. Their products solves everyday problems.

And so convincing people to join this business is incredibly easily.

I know you think its a lie.

But that's the truth.

And if for any reason you feel its a lie then read on so I can show how. I will show you how to get people to join Longrich and sell your products online without killing yourself.


But before I share how, let me tell you why Longrich is brilliant.



Longrich is an International Company



Located in several countries Longrich is an international company. With a soon to be launched factory in Nigeria, Longrich is a business you can work with to achieve financial freedom.

They are one of the leading companies that dominates in the production of Health Care, Cosmetic/Skin Care, Household Cleaning, Furniture, Real Estate business and many more products. With over 12000 direct employees they are on a mission to give you products that solve your every day problem.

Making Money From Longrich.

The truth is you can make 5- 6 figures every single week just by deploying the power of social media. All it takes by simply doing copy and paste.

Different Ways You Can Earn with Longrich

Before I mention it again understand that all it takes is for you to solve problems.

1. Having a Team

Having a team is a fast way to make millions with Longrich. What you need to do ? You need to set a funnel. The term funnel confuses a lot of people. So I call it a pathway for people to become part of your business.

A basic sales funnel has four stages:


  • Suspects
  • Prospects
  • Leads
  • Customers


The suspects are those people who you are not sure of.

The prospects are those who have indicated  some form of interest.

Leads are people who are really interested in what you want to sell.

Customers are those who join the team.

So  running adverts exposes you to supects, prospects are those who watch or read your post. While those who dm you to ask how they can join are leads. And finally customers when they have joined your team or bought your products.

Apart from adverts search engine optimization is key. Search Engine Optimization is great as it makes you visible on Google.

The reason you are reading this post is simply because you found me on Google.
If you know how to write search engine optimization is a way to get client on autopilot. In fact I use search engine optimzation to make money for businesses.


2. Online Selling Products

Another way you earn money from Longrich is by selling their products. Here you need a sales page to drive people to. Or you can post your product on different groups that allow you to do so.


3. Offline Selling of Products

This option is great if you have a shop.

4. Become a Stockist


A stockist is one who host the products of longrich. But it requires a minimum of 2.4 million. But the awesome benefit of this is that you earn 4% of any sale comes from your shop. But the amazing benefit of this is you dont need to market a dime.As the company does this for you. Imagine your address written on the company website. People go to the website and buy from you. That's beautiful.




Why You Should Join Longrich

If you use products such as tooth paste, cream, hand creams and soap why not replace those items with products that earn you money.






VIP Benefit?


  • 7 figure weekly income.
  • Expense paid trip every year to the "abroad"
  • Become partaker of 1% of of total company sales as Diamond 4 member.
  • New sparkling Car two times in a year.
  • Free 4 Years MBA at REGIS University in Colorado in USA.
  • Brand new car award twice every year.
  • All expense paid luxury vacations abroad 2-3 times yearly.
  • $150 million house fund award at Star Director level.


To become a member you can send a whatsapp message to me on 08036532254.

You only need to purchase products worth a particular package.

Once you do this you earn points that qualify for other benefits. Such as commission, trips and cars.

Another benefit is you don't need monthly maintenance compared to other plans where if you don't purchase products in a specific month you return back to zero level. And you do't earn that month.


The points you generate from the purchase qualifies you to be a member and a personal membership code is generated for you.

Longrich has been a house hold and skin care manufacturing business platform for over 25 years before venturing into the multi level marketing business MLM Industry which is a noble profession just like any other … Architecture, Medicine, Teacher etc.



Below Are Some Longrich Products:




longrich toothpaste

Longrich Mosquito Repellent

longrich mosquito repellent



Longrich Alkaline Cup

longrich alkaline cup

Longrich Panty Liner

longrich panty liner

Longrich Bamboo Soap




Longrich is a very futuristic business, you’d get these benefits and MANY MORE!

If you love Franchising, here are the benefit of being a Stockist

7 Advantages of Being a Longrich Stockist

1. As a stockist you get products at very cheap price. In fact you also get some product for free.

2. You are recognized worldwide.

3. You have free marketing done for you. You don’t need to do paid advert although paid advert is a way to make more money.

4. You become a place for prospect registration. This means that you can easily get downlines  without struggling.

5. As a stockist you earn 4% of every sale made through your store. Amazing!

6. You can train prospect by default  without stress.

7. You gain access to free training. No need of paying money for transportation.

8. You become a Diamond 4 member. Yes just by registering as a stockist.

9. You just need one step up to qualify for a Car.

10. If you so desire –you can sell all your products at retail price and make your investment back

So tell me. Imagine you are a stockist right now. Imagine the company in China has your business address on its website. Imagine the pedigree it will give your business. Imagine , convincing prospects will be easy.

Entry Level
Longrich has 5 categories of Entry Level
1. Q Silver:  You need 60pv
You earn 8% in performance and 10% in development bonus

2. Silver you need 120pv

You earn 8% in performance bonus. You also earn 10% in development bonus.

3. Gold

You need 240PV. You earn 10% as performance bonus and 10% as development bonus.

4. Platinum

For the platinum level you need 720pv. You earn 12% performance bonus and 10% Development bonus.

5. Platinum VIP

You need 1680pv.
You earn
12% performance bonus.
10% development bonus.
1% monthly shares

Bonuses
Longrich has four bonuses they pay weekly
1. Performance bonus
2. Development bonus
3. Leadership bonus
4. Retail/repeat bonus





Performance Bonus

This bonus is given to you based how you perform in a week. It is given to you based on the lowest level of two of your legs.
The payment happens when pairing has occurred. It is paid to infinity generation.

Development Bonus

As with performance bonus it is paid on two lowest pvs from different legs. It is however 10%.

Retail Bonus

This bonus accrues when you buy products on retail price. The minimum order is 30pv. PV means Product Value.

Repeat Bonus this comes from order made from your e-wallet. Longrich gives you 5% of your money

N/b You can earn daily with Longrich through the( Fast Rich Pack)
This goes for 39900.

If however you are unable sign up with the FRP you can still earn the next day if someone signs up with Fast Rich Pack.

Leadership Bonus

This bonus goes to those who are team builders. So no team no leadership bonus.

The leadership comes with a caveat though . You earn leadership bonus if you can achieve 30pvs .

You can now join Longrich business with N9,800, This gives you a #2000 bonus. This is called the student pack. You can upgrade when you have the money.

LONGRICH BUSINESS REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Full Name:
Sex:
State:
Phone no:
Date of birth:
Name of bank:
Acc holders name:
Acct no.:
Products of choice:

Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Ultimate Guide to Business Process Modelling


There are way too many CEOs and managers who think “great staff” is enough. “If I recruit great staff,” they say, “I will naturally succeed in business.” If only it were that easy!

 Imagine downtime because a business process was not documented.

 Imagine the loss of money.

 Imagine the undue burden placed on the employee who can’t delegate a simple task because there are no processes detailing the approach. Here’s the brutal truth: If you’re serious about generating profit on a consistent basis, if you’re serious about not just having a good organization but a great organization, if you want your organization to outlive you or your tenure as a manager to be successful, you need to be very systematic with how you run the business.

 Otherwise you’re taking the “cooked spaghetti” approach - throwing a bunch of stuff against a wall and hoping something sticks. Today I’m going to show you a technique – business process modeling – that almost guarantees you avoid all those problems and improves your business processes when implemented.

 This post is divided into eight chapters:

 Chapter 1: What is Business Process Modeling?
 Chapter 2: 9 Powerful Business Process Modeling Methodologies
 Chapter 3: Business Process Simulation vs Business Process Modeling vs Business Mapping
 Chapter 4: 14 Reasons Business Process Modeling is Important
 Chapter 5: A Guide to Understanding Business Process Modeling Concept Notation
 Chapter 6: Encouraging Staff to Accept Business Process Modeling Implementation -A Simple Guide
 Chapter 7: How to Choose the Right Business Process Modeling Software for your Company Chapter 8: 8 Business Process Modeling Examples  

Chapter 1: What is Business Process Modeling?


 According to whatis.techtarget.com, business process modeling is the analytical representation or illustration of an organization's business processes.

 Techopedia defines business process modeling as the creation of a model of a business process which helps us to better understand that process.

 I love to define business process modeling as a technique that uses a tool to create or improve processes in order to increase productivity and to save cost.

 Now you understand what business process modeling entails, You might be wondering “OK, that’s great.

But why all the craze about Business process Modeling”?

 Hold on in this post, as I’ll walk you through some powerful business process modeling technologies:



 Chapter 2: 9 Powerful Business Process Modeling Methodologies


 There are many techniques which can be applied to modeling a business process Here are 9 of the most popular techniques:


  •  Business process modeling notation 
  •  UML diagrams 
  •  Flowchart techniques 
  •  Yourdon technique (Data Flow Diagram) 
  •  Coloured petrinet 
  •  Gantt Chart 
  •  Integrated definition for function modeling (IDEF) 
  •  Object oriented method 
  •  Workflow technique 



 1.Business Process Modeling Notation Business process modeling notation is a flowchart method. It shows a visual sequence of business activities and the information required to complete the process.

The essence of which is to improve efficiency and to gain advantage over the competition. Developed by the Business Process Management Initiative, BPMN became a more detailed standard when they merged with Object Management Group which eventually gave birth to BPMN 2.0



 source:https://camunda.com/bpmn/examples/


 To make the chart coherent, BPMN uses standards and a number of symbols. Once these symbols are mastered, it becomes easy for staff to understand what the chart is all about. BPMN uses 4 major components
-Flows,Connections, Swimlanes, and Artefacts -which we look at in detail later on.



 What it’s good for

 BPMN is good for representing concepts and processes that cannot be easily captured using workflow diagrams.

 BPMN is good for modeling existing processes which were poorly documented or not at all.
Process automaton.
Risk Analysis.
Standardization of a given process.


 When not to use it Like any analysis tool in your arsenal, choose BPMN with care. Don’t use BPMN if: the processes you create can easily be expressed with workflow diagrams. your organization won’t train staff on how to interpret BPMN diagram.

This is especially true because BPMN diagrams can be comparatively difficult for stakeholders to understand. https://qph.ec.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-94fb2968ddcfe2f1d4498df482c1ac31 2.UML Source: https://qph.ec.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-94fb2968ddcfe2f1d4498df482c1ac31


 UML -Unified Modeling Language - is an object-oriented modeling process that uses visual representation to better understand flaws or errors in a given business process or software system. 

UML was mainly used as a general modelling language, but as time went on , it was deployed in documenting business processes. However, over the years the popularity of UML has waned and as a result, UML is slowly being replaced by BPMN because it was primarily designed for software systems, not business process. What to Use It For To automate software production. To improve quality and reduce cost and time to market. To manage the complexity of systems as they increase in scope and scale. To produce visually appealing business process model. When not to use it As with any platform, UML has its place. There are instances where it isn’t necessary. As a business analyst UML isn’t important if: your organization needs only one diagram type. UML has almost a dozen different types of diagrams which mean people may have difficulty understanding the diagram outside your organization. you can get by with informal, box-and-line diagrams, which are easy to create in Power-Point or on a whiteboard. the software architecture follows a reference architecture that does not require you to create diagrams to represent and communicate the design. A situation George Fairbanks calls “architecture-indifferent design.”


 3. Flowchart Technique https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/91/LampFlowchart.svg/324px-LampFlowchart.svg.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/91/LampFlowchart.svg

 The flowchart technique is a tool that is used to achieve visual clarity. A flowchart can depicts a process, system or computer algorithm. Used widely in multiple fields to document, improve and communicate often complex processes in clear ,easy-to-understand diagrams -flowcharts, or flow chart use rectangles, ovals, diamonds and several other shapes to define the type of step, along with connecting arrows to define flow and sequence.

 They range from simple, hand-drawn charts to comprehensive computer-drawn diagrams showing multiple steps and routes. The advantage is that most process drawing software supports the creation of flowcharts.

 What to Use It For

 Widely believed to have been first used by Frank Gilbreth to document a process flow. Flow charts can be used to: standardize a process. A brewery can use flowcharts to ensure that standards are maintained while producing a specific beer. communicate a process. Inexperienced members of an organization may reference a flow chart in order to complete activities in a set order. identify and plug wastage in a given process.


 When not to use it


 Flowcharts can be a bad choice: Flowcharts have no set of agreed symbols apart from few commonalities. As a result, it can become difficult for others to understand especially if your flowchart uses non-standard symbols.

 Alterations may require you to re-draw the flowchart completely. This is a time waster. Source:usi4biz.com/20i4/i0/0i/what-is-the-difference-between-flow-charts-and-business-process-models


 4. Yourdon’s Technique (Data Flow Diagram)


 The Data Flow Diagram (DFD) is a graphical representation of the flow of data through an information system. It enables you to represent the processes in your information system from the viewpoint of data.

 The DFD lets you visualize how the system operates, what the system accomplishes and how it will be implemented, when it is refined with further specification.

 Source: http://infocenter.sybase.com/help/index.jsp?topic=/com.sybase.infocenter.dc38088.1650/doc/html/rad1232026266129.html

 What to Use It For Data flow diagrams can be used: if you want to document and show users how data moves between various processes in a system.

You can use it to capture the flow of health data such as patient's demographic information, allergies, lab values and so on, in an information system like EHR or LIS.

Source: https://www.quora.com/Why-do-system-analysts-use-data-flow-diagram-DFD To clarify which processes are manual which are automated. A Grocery store can use it identify temporary data storage such as a sales transaction file.

 To describe the boundaries of a system. It is also beneficial for communicating existing system knowledge to the user. DFDs can be understood by both technical and nontechnical audiences. source:https://cacoo.com/blog/how-use-data-flow-diagrams-to-supercharge-your-project/

 To show you what happens during information flow( Logical DFD’S) and to show you how information moves through a system.(Physical DFD’S) If a programmer expects modification to an existing code. DFD helps the programmer see what will happen if a certain code is injected into the program. It can also be used for error detection source:http://techwalla.com/articles/importance-of-data-flow-diagrams

 When not to Use It


 Using Data flow diagrams is not compulsory if: the diagram being created doesn’t require one to capture the flow of information that occurs between systems. For example, if the diagram requirement is to capture just the flow of activities within a process then a process map is sufficient. you are expected to create diagrams quickly. It takes a long time to create a DFD - so long that the analyst may not receive support from management to complete it. www.googlecom.ng/amp/s/eternalssunshineoftheismind.wordpress.com/20i3/02/20/advantages-vs-disadvantages-of-dfds/amp


 5. Coloured Petri nets


 Image CPN-NestedLocking
 Source: http://werner.yellowcouch.org/Lectures/dpetri/ [slideshare id=15635960&doc=coloredpetrinetstheoryandapplications-121214040537-phpapp01]

 Coloured Petri nets are graphical languages for constructing models of concurrent systems and analyzing their properties.

Concurrent systems perform multiple tasks at the same time, whereas sequential systems complete each task in turn. Concurrency makes communication, synchronization, and resource sharing complex but offers efficiency and cost savings in return.


 What to use it for?

 Coloured Petri nets is useful if you are looking for a platform that uses basic primitives (simplest elements) for modeling concurrency, communication, and synchronization. when modeling a system in a hierarchical manner i.e top down manner. to facilitate system design and evaluate system performance.


 When Not To Use It


 CPN is a tool you don’t need: if the process to be captured is simple. The mathematical representation of the data can be daunting. That is why the process hasn’t been widely adopted as a business process modeling technique.


 source :www.cs.au.dk/cpnets/.


 6. Gantt Charts

 Source: http://taskoconsulting.com/gantt-chart/


 Henry L Gantt, an American engineer and social scientist, developed Gantt charts as a production control tool in 1917. Gantt charts are pretty popular because they are implemented in Microsoft Project.

 Gantt chart provides a graphical illustration of a schedule that plans, coordinate, and track specific tasks in a project. www.searchsoftwarequality.techtarget.com/definition/Gantt-chart

 What to use it for?

Gantt Charts can be used for: scheduling and visualizing the task of a project and its total duration.This allows for better long term planning and implementation. identifying project shortcuts as you can breakdown long term project into smaller chunks, making it easier to meet project deadlines. identifying dependency relationship of task.

This makes it possible for teams to schedule their work in such a way that there are no overlaps. creating timeline for progression of each task. This makes it possible to optimize resource allocation. 


When Not to use it.

 While Gantt Charts are a very useful tool, there are scenarios where they may not be appropriate. For example, it isn’t the best to use Gantt Chart if:


  •  you want to determine how a task behind schedule affects the other. 
  •  you haven’t constructed a work breakdown structure. Creating WBS alongside the Gantt chart, can lead to you having to recreate the entire project schedule if you omit something. 
  •  you want to capture a project triple constraints which are time, cost and scope at the same time. This is because the project cost is not depicted on a Gantt chart. 



 7. IDEF

 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/IDEF_Diagram_Example.jpg

 Source: Wikimedia Commons

 IDEF (Integrated DEFinition) is a well-documented robust standard with a family of modeling languages in the field of system and software engineering.

IDEF has been applied to simulation, object oriented analysis and knowledge acquisition; it has been used by the military, Department of Defense and many companies for Business process capture and improvement. Each IDEF method is designed for a particular use:

 IDEF0 models the decision and action or task performed by an organization and include inputs, outputs, and controls of each task. IDEF0 is good in functional analysis. It enables a modeler identify what functions are performed, what is required in performing those functions, what is right and what is wrong about the current system.

 IDEF1 is a conceptual modelling method
 IDEF2 is a simulation model specification method.
 IDEF3 has an object component that can be used to model how objects undergo change in a process. IDEF 4 allows for the capturing and management of object oriented design principles
 IDEF5 is a knowledge acquisition and engineering method aimed at supporting enterprise ontologies.source

What to Use it for

 The ultimate goal of any modeling tool should be real life deployment of the tool. One where it can achieve real operational benefits.

A good IDEF model can: serve as a communication vehicle for streamlining existing processes, introduction of new technology and to achieve consensus among staff involved in the change. identify where improvements can be made in a given process.

 When not to use it Everything that has an advantage has it disadvantage. Hence, you advised not to use IDEF: if you require consistency between different levels of modeling. if you are looking tool that takes time dependent flow into cognisance

 8. Object-Oriented method

 source:http://olivero.info/bari/o/object-oriented-database-model/


 Allen Mellor defines Object Oriented Modeling as an act of sketching out the objects involved in an Object Oriented program and deciding which objects talk to each other, what they say, and what the responsibilities of each object should be all without writing any code or program logic.

 OOM technique ensures effective communication between users and stakeholders. It adopts common terminologies stakeholders use in everyday business.

Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object-oriented_analysis_and_design

 What to use it for

 Object-oriented modeling is useful if your organization wants to: improve stakeholder communication and product quality. Objects are easier to interpret than codes. reduces the need for maintenance and increases reliability and flexibility by building new behaviours with the use of existing object. ensure that stakeholders get a better grasp of any “to be” process because objects can easily be understood by non-technical stakeholders who are also key influencers in an organization. 


When not to use it

 The object-oriented model focuses on storing complex data types known as objects. This means you are advised: not to use it when working on simple data records with simple relationship.

It is time consuming. not to deploy object oriented modeling if staff are not sufficiently trained or if there is a shortage of qualified programmers. not to use it if your code is not already OOP. It’s not worth porting your code if your old code is already relational.



 9. Workflow Technique


 SOURCE: http://creately.com/blog/diagrams/business-process-modeling-techniques/#workflow Source:https://www.projectmanagement.com/process/popup.cfm?ID=24257&techKid=1 Workflow technique documents processes which are performed by people. It models the series of steps that needs to be performed to complete any particular task right from the start to the end. As a graphic-technique it documents the way in which activities and tasks are performed. Source: www.projectmanagement.com/process/popup.cfm?ID=24255 In essence Workflow techniques focus on processes within a department.


 N/B: There are arguments on the difference between business process management and workflow management.

This article however helps explain the different facets of thoughts.


 What to use it for.



 You can use it to: Create before and after images to illustrate changes to a process. This helps communicate how useful the new "to be" process is.

 Draw a diagram for an entire value stream, set of activities or a single activity. Optimize most task in an organization. When not to use it it is advisable you don’t use workflow if you want to improve the whole process in an organization.

It is advisable you use a Business Process Modeling tool. want manage so many organizational processes together.


 Having looked at 9 ways processes can be modeled, the next chapter will treat differences among process mapping, process modeling and process simulation and how important they are to the success of any business.


 Chapter 3: Business Process Simulation vs Business Process Modeling vs Business Mapping


 Business process mapping visualizes what a business does by taking into account roles, responsibilities, and standards.


In essence, it focuses on documenting an existing process while business process modeling not only does business mapping but also looks for a visual way to understand, analyze and improve upon an existing process. While Modeling looks for inefficiencies or bottleneck in an existing process and identifies solutions to these challenges simulation help companies predict how business processes perform under specific conditions.


 Both Simulation and modeling can be used to improve an existing business process. Business process simulation also test process design, measure performance, identify bottlenecks and test changes. This helps organizations determine if a given process has cost-saving possibilities. Source: www.ariscommunity.com/business-process-simulation

 One major difference between simulation and modelling is that while modeling is seen as static, simulation can be considered as dynamic as the variables of a simulation always changes.

SOURCE


 There you have it: the difference among simulation, mapping and business process modeling Now let’s look at reasons business process modeling is a must for every organization.


 Chapter 4: 14 Important Reasons Business Process Modelling is Important



 Listed below are 14 reasons BPM is important.



 1. Business Process Modeling Improves Communication Between User and Management.

 Communication of specific process between users and management becomes easier. Diagrams are simple to understand and users can easily inform management of necessary changes to be made. According to Studio Hyperset, adopting Business Process Modelling “helps us communicate effectively, scope thoroughly, and thereby: Keep our team happy and on track retain existing clients attract new clients increase our revenue.”

 2. Business Process Modeling ensures Consistency in a Given Process The hallmark of any process is the ability to get the desired result every time. Application of business process modeling breaks down a process into a set of steps that anyone can follow to produce the same result.

 3. Business Process Modeling Saves Lives Business Process Modelling tools document checklists and have helped saved many lives.

 Here’s is a historical story to buttress the importance of the checklist. The iconic B-1 7“Flying Fortress “The plane that flew faster than previous bombers in the 1930’s stalled at 300 feet and crashed landed in a ball of fiery explosions. Investigation carried out discovered that the crash wasn’t due to any mechanical fault but as a result of the pilot error.

 The question is: how can checklists save lives?


 Checklists which can be developed using modeling tools help healthcare workers execute procedures correctly. For example checklist can virtually eliminate common infections in intensive care units. Checklist helps reduce the risk of air accidents occurring.


 What are the lessons?


 The above story showed that breaking a process into a series of activities and documenting it can save lives.

 4. Business Process Modeling Saves Time Business process modeling helps organization figure out processes that can be improved upon.

Business process modeling tools can identify manual process that cause drudgery. The process can then be improved on through automation, hence saving time. For example, An Illinois Fertility centre used Business Process Modelling to save more than 75 hours of work time per week by digitizing patient charts .


 Another premium Tobacco firm was able to save time through Business modeling implementation. They achieved this by digitally transmitting and responding to complaints in a timely manner. Also Adriatic Slovenica one of the biggest insurance firm in Slovenia decreased claim processing time by 50% from four to two working days, at the workload of around 1,400 policies per day.


As a result Adriatic Slovenica employees channeled saved time into additional process activities and accepted tasks with a higher added value for the insurance company.


 5. Business Process Modeling Improves the Efficiency of a Business The desire of any good Business analyst and managers is to cut wastage. Business process modeling enables an organization spot inefficient or duplicate process that elongates the delivery of a goal or objective.

 The Los Angeles Sheriff Department did this and improved efficiency by automating their HR process. It: drove the time-to-hire down from as long as 18 months. reduced the hiring time process. made candidates to be informed through email notification during the hiring process helped establish milestones for each key process

 6. Business Process Modeling Improves Transparency One key issue in organization today is lack of trust -top down, horizontally, among customers and vendors. A business process model increases trust level regarding work activities. Since it visually shows how work activities are to be carried out, who performs specific work activities and what level of quality is needed. The transparency provided by a business process model improves trust level among stakeholders.

 7. Business Process Modeling Reduces Error.

 Process automation reduces the room for error. Hearst Media and Services discovered this when they automated their processes. As a result, they were able to reduce errors due to manual handling that led to missing orders and input errors. Other benefits: fewer audits was required efficient handling of customers service fewer people needed to manage orders.

 8. Business Process Modeling Automates Business Processes Organizations can use Business process modeling to determine repeatable tasks to be automated.

For example, McKinley, one of the largest divorce and family law firms in The US Northwest was able to free its workforce from process drudgery by automating manual tasks.

 The firm now focuses on the important task of reading legal questions which has helped to save cost and increased efficiency at the firm


 9. Business Process Modeling Helps Make Training of New Team Member Easier Training of new team members of staff of an organization can be tedious.

 Deploying business process modeling makes it easy for new team members to easily familiarize themselves with organization procedures as it enables for quick understanding of its process. Not only that, it helps save time spent in the onboarding process.

For example, Primera Air was able automate the time -consuming manual onboarding process. This also helped decrease paper processes as most of the processes became digitized.

 10. Business Process Modeling Allows For Record Keeping of Business Process Existing and former processes can be captured using Business process modeling tools.

The implementation of these processes can even be published as case studies. For example, the business process modeling of a new process in a brewery industry may document the use of Barley while the old process documents the use of sorghum.

 In the future, if it becomes “retro-cool” to drink the old version, documenting the process using business process modeling allows for easy retrieval of this in formation, which in essence saves money.

 11. Business Process Modeling Saves Money Existing processes may need to be modified or replicated.

The use of business process modeling makes for easy modification or replication. This can help the organization to save money. For example, In 2015 ten of the world’s largest drugs manufacturers used process modeling tools to collaborate on a project to develop software that helped cut the costs of delivering drugs used in clinical trials by at least 10%.


 12. Business Process Modeling Visuals Are Easy To Understand The essence of business process modeling is to make a process that is easy to understand.

 It’s essential that stakeholders have a mutual understanding of the business process. Common mutual understanding is difficult to achieve with text only.

 The visual nature of business process models gives stakeholders clarity on process requirements. The organization is hence better for it.

 13. Business Process Modeling reduces the Risk of Rework The essence of a given process is to propose a solution that fulfills a given requirement.

 Lack of business process modeling may lead to a proposed solution being reworked or redone. This not only consumes time but can also demoralize the staff who need to redo a particular project due to the solution not fulfilling the process requirement. Every functional requirement has at least one process that makes it possible for it to be delivered . For example, the function of the salesperson is to give goods to the customer in exchange for money. This, in turn, requires a process which needs to outline the step from receiving the guest to the point of exchange.

 14. Business Process Modeling Makes For Easy Enforcement of Rules The truth is that every business that desires increased profit must have a set of rules.


 A given process may have several or different types of rules. It could be a process dependency rule, process execution rule, process non-functional rule and process data storage rule.

 Business process modeling captures this rules in a format that can easily be followed making it easy to enforce the rules since they can be captured in an easy to implement format Enforcing this rules makes it possible to deliver project benefits as at when due.

 Now we are done with the benefit of business process modeling let’s look at how we can create Business Process Process Model diagrams using BPMN


  Chapter 5: A Guide to Understanding Business Process Modeling Several tools can be used in capturing business process models.

I have highlighted 9 of them in chapter two. However, in this chapter, we will focus on using business process modeling notation.

 While other tools can also be used to model process, business process modeling notation has worldwide acceptance as a tool of good repute and uses a standard notation which increases the probability that the diagrams you produce will be better understood by other stakeholders.

 So lets dial into some Business Process Modeling symbols and their meaning.

 Business process modeling Symbols and Meaning Business process modeling diagrams use a set of standard symbols. Each symbol has a specific meaning. The four elements that make up business process modeling are:


 1. Flow Objects(Elements) which include events, activities, and gateway 

Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Process_Model_and_Notation

 2. Connecting Objects which includes sequence flow, message flow, and association.

 3. Swim Lanes which include pool and lane

 4. Artifacts which include data objects, group, and annotation

 1. FLOW OBJECTS Flow objects are graphical objects that can be connected to or from a sequence flow. Flow objects connect together to form a complete process flow. Linked by a connector, they are the building blocks of a business process modeling Diagram.

Following the direction of the flow objects helps readers to determine if a process has been executed. 

Events

 Events are signals that tells you something is to happen which would impact a business process. An event can be internal or external and includes the start and end of a process as well as any interaction that can influence the process. Represented by a circle, events can start, modify or complete a process. It can further be divided into -Start: Which tells us where a particular process in a Business Process Diagram (BPD) begins. A process without a start event cannot be executed. -Intermediate:

This occurs after a process has been created and triggers changes that affect the execution of a process. An intermediate event determines if a process would go to completion. For example, a company bidding for a job writes a proposal and sends it via email.

In BPMN this is represented by an intermediate message event which indicates that the message has been sent. The receiver of the bid has to wait for the email to come inbox. The arrival is hence depicted as a catching intermediate message event which tells us that the message has been received.

Once this happens, process execution can then take place.

 -End Event- An end event indicates that a process will end with respect to sequence flow. It indicates the end of a flow process.

 Source: http://www.what-is-bpm.com/bpmn_aids/bpmnevents.html

 Activities: Activities describe the work carried within a business process. It can be referred to as the work done by a company or organization.

 It can include single steps like approving a request or multiple steps like filling out a form or assembling a chair. Example of activities carried out by a secretary can include printing of receipts, replacing of cartridges, generating of reports, calling a hotline, scheduling a meeting. Represented by a rounded corner rectangle, activity can be subdivided into 3 namely:

 Task This represents work that cannot be broken down to a finer level. An example of a task would be printing a receipt. Here printing of a receipt will signify a task if no other sequential activity comes after carrying it out. Another example is confirming delivery of an item.

 Subprocess A subrocces on the other hand is a process that can be found in another process. A subprocess makes it easier to understand a BPD In process diagram, a subprocess does two of the following: Decomposes a diagram to be more readable Describes repeated activities An example of a subprocess is an activity to find a new employee, which includes other activities. Below is an example of the process and the breakdown of the subprocess. A sub-process can either be collapsed to hide details or expanded to reveal additional details.

 Image source


 GATEWAY Gateways are symbols that either separate or recombine flow in a Business Process Diagram diagram. They control how a flow is joined together or separated and helps determine the branching, forking merging or joining of several paths.

 There are 7 gateway source https://www.lucidchart.com/pages/bpmn-symbols-explained


 Exclusive gateway:

 An exclusive gateway splits a flow into two or more paths. However, the process can only continue on one of those paths based on a specific condition. A task on an exclusive gateway cannot be executed simultaneously. For example, to the question “is the product in stock?” the store employee can either request for the item from the warehouse or place and order with the supplier. As seen above the two process cannot occur simultaneously.

 Inclusive Gateway

 The difference between the inclusive and exclusive gateway is that inclusive gateway makes it possible for a token to flow down one or more path depending on how you evaluate the outgoing conditional sequence flow. For example, if a product survey is carried out, the interviewee can make one or two product choice. In inclusive gateway, a condition can be set so that if the interviewee can be added to an email list if s/he loves sample A, and Facebook Bot list if the person likes sample B. A third condition can also be set such that a voucher is issued if the interviewee loves neither A nor B. 

Parallel Gateway

 Parallel gateway can split a process flows into two or more paths. It allows the process flow to follow the entire path simultaneously. The parallel gateway is great for processes that need to be carried out concurrently. In essence it’s like an inclusive, except it always splits into 2+ flows, all of which runs concurrently.

 Complex Gateway

 BPMN complex gateway can be used in splitting or merging complicated process flow. Complex gateway are not often used in BPMN since the simpler gateways such as inclusive and exclusive gateway can be combined together to achieve the same aim.

 A Complex Gateway allows the modeler to specify any arbitrary rules needed to determine how to emit tokens or process arriving tokens. The example below shows how the BPMN Complex Gateway could be used for an interview process where references have been requested for a particular candidate. The process is intended to request 5 references, but for the sake of time it will proceed after receiving only 3. source: Modern Analyst N/B: Don Baisley defines a token as what moves through a process. It begins at a start event and arrives at the end event where it terminates. Here is a video to further explain the concept of Tokens in BPMN

 Event-Based Gateway


 Event based Gateway is used to give options. It is conditional. It allows you to branch your process on the assumption that an event is likely to occur at a specific part of the process. For example, you can use an event gateway if a situation arises where the stock is no longer available. In such a situation, the process cannot continue until the stock becomes available.

A message trigger can either be introduced into the process to tell you the stock is available.

 Event Based Gateway can be: Parallel or Exclusive

 2. CONNECTIONS:

 Connections link flow elements. Sequence and Message flow are the two kinds of connectors in BPMN. Sequence Flow connects flow objects in a sequential order while Message Flow shows the flow of messages between separate pools or lanes that move from one process participant to another. Each sequence flow has only one source and one target.

A sequence flow can cross the boundaries between lanes of a pool but cannot cross the boundaries of a pool. (zxyware.com/articles/5566/business process modeling-connecting-objects. i.e between two pools. It isn’t used in lanes. Association shows the relationship between artifacts and flow object. 3. SWIMLANES A swim lane diagram is a chart that shows how a company is segmented into different departments and people with varied responsibilities. It is arranged in a way such that people can see the given process from start to the end.

 A swimlane is like a pool where swimmers are competing with each other. The pools are divided into strips called lanes, and each swimmer is assigned to a specific lane. The pool represents a participant in a given process and is represented as a rectangular container with a solid thick line. The pool assumes process control- in essence it assigns tasks. The lane on the other hand sets the boundaries of a business process and contains at most one business process. It is a partition of a pool that extends from the beginning to the end of the pool just as you have in a swimming pool.

 A swimlane can represent employees, workgroup or departments.


 4. ARTIFACTS (OR ARTEFACTS)

 Artifact is a business process modeling toolkit that allows process designers to extend the basic business process modeling notation to include additional information about the process in a Business Process Diagram.

 Artefacts are important as they enable non-technical people to get better insight into a certain process.

 Types of Artifacts

 1. Data Object: Data object represents information flowing through the process, such as business documents, e-mails, letters. They provide additional information about what a process does. A data object is linked to a given process and there fore it is shown within a process or sub-process. For example, an invoice can be depicted as a document-like symbol. This document styled symbol is called a data object. A data object can be reused or changed during a process. An invoice can change from open, to canceled, to overpaid.


 2. GROUP A rounded -corner rectangle with dash line -a group organizes different activities but doesn't affect the flow in the diagram..

It’s a rectangle drawn around a bunch of tasks to show they’re related, but is just for clarity. Groups as an artifact organizes tasks or process but it isn’t an activity. It can be used to highlight activities that belong to different pools

 3. Annotation

 Annotation allows for the addition of textual comments to explain things that are not clear. Annotation allows the modeler to add descriptive information to diagrams.

 The text added makes it easy for the business user to understand the process.

 Basic Requirement in Creating a Business Process Diagram

 Understand That Each Business Process Diagram should define the following:

 · The start of a process and
 · The people involved in that process
 · The dependencies that exist between activities
 · What alternatives (xor gateways are there if any
 · The steps (task or sub-processes) that is necessary.
 · The information (data objects) relevant within the process
 · And how the process terminates

 Once the above can be defined in a given process, you can easily construct a business process modeling diagram.

An example of a business process modeling diagram is the HR Recruitment Process:

 source Here is a video that shows how to create a Recruitment Process Diagram using a BPMN modeling tool.

 Another example is one that describes an order to cash process as shown below:

 Identify the Starting Point of the Process

 The starting point of a process is usually triggered by an event which could be: An arrival of a new document
 The arrival of customer order
 Human errors
 Breakdown of the Event into Steps


 The various steps to fulfill a task has to be identified

 Dependencies need to be created so as to fulfill the process Identify who or what completes each step In the example below, the waiter is designated as the person in charge of this process and hence is the person who completes the step.

 Mcdonald's Process Flow Chart by Creately
 McDonald’s Order to Cash Diagram by Creately
 Online Ordering Process by Bizagi Having highlighted the basic steps in modeling a business process, it is important staff are co-opted into the process of implementing Business Process models.

To tackle this, the next chapter explains how staff can be encouraged to buy into the implementation of business process modeling.



 Chapter 6: Encouraging Staff to Accept Business Process Modeling Implementation -A Simple Guide

 Most workers are scared of their organization adopting business process modeling. In most organization instituting business process modeling has been linked with redundancy and loss of jobs which has led to a situation where people on hearing it begin to fret. This ought not to be so.

 The entrenched fear if not well managed can lead to mass exodus of quality talents. This is why business process modeling should be people-centered and sufficient information should be given to staff before it’s implemented.

 In order to eradicate this ingrained fear, Geoffrey Balmes a Senior Business Architect recommended the implementation of Organizational Change Management (OCM ) alongside business process modeling. [Note that “business process management” in his linked article is business process modeling.

 According to Balmes, “Organizational Change Management (OCM) does many things with regards to change initiatives: it raises awareness, manages impact, mitigates resistance, and helps improve adoption.” Constant communication and increased awareness can help achieve this. A well implemented OCM manages the impact on the organization. As you know, we live in a dynamic world where change is constant. To make people more receptive to these changes, there is a need to institute OCM.

 Why You Must Think Like a User


 Many business process modeling fails because the business analyst failed to inform other stakeholders. By so doing they alienate the staff who feel they are not carried along.


Source

 The reason you should look at a process from the perspective of a user is so that if you can identify certain challenges the user may experience and see how the user views can be incorporated into the process.

 To explain it better here’s a story S.E Slack told to buttress this point: I'm reminded of a recent experience at McDonald's, the worldwide fast-food restaurant. I worked at McDonald's as a teenager—lots of kids do.

One of the benefits of working there was that I learned how to quickly count change and add up purchases. During a recent visit, however, I noticed that the teenager running the cash register wasn't required to do any of those things.

The cash register did all the work for him; it even told him how much change to give me. After he closed the cash drawer, he was completely at a loss as to what to do when I realized he had accidentally given me too much in change.

The computer had moved on, waiting for the next new customer, but the teenager still had me to deal with. He couldn't open the drawer or figure out how much extra money he had given me, so he finally gave up and told me to keep the extra change.

 My point is that this teenager had no understanding of the monetary process the computer was handling. In turn, the process had no understanding of what the teenager was dealing with. He simply doled out the money as directed.

When the process failed, he couldn't determine how to fix the error, because the entire process was a system process, not a user process. In the end, his solution to the problem was to lose money for McDonald's.

 When you model processes, think of this poor, frustrated kid at McDonald's. He wanted to do the right thing, but the system-focused process wouldn't let him do it quickly and easily. The result? Lost revenue.

This can happen in a million different ways at a million different organizations if you forget to model processes from a user perspective. It's critical, then, that business analysts never forget that important element of business modeling: the user. That element starts with the requirements, and it should be kept at the top of your list throughout the business modeling process.

 When modeling processes, it is important that you think of the user. Thinking of the user enables you to know what an organization is currently facing.

And it’s for this reason several business analysts recommend the use of “USE CASE”. For those unaware of what USE CASE means -it is an interaction (steps, task) between a role and a system to reach a certain goal. In order to make a use case super useful, a "Use Story" should be incorporated. 

A use story helps to capture smaller picture details. Below is an example of a use case for a hiring process


  •  Job opening 
  •  Applicants interviewed 
  •  Applicants selected Offer made 
  •  Offer accepted 
  •  Applicant begin work or Job opening 
  •  HR advertises the position and related qualification 
  •  Applicants apply for the job. 
  • Resumes are sorted according to qualification 
  •  Interviews are conducted. 
  • Applicants are separated into two stacks 
  •  Management conducts second interviews for acceptable candidates 
  •  Management selects one candidate to fill the position HR makes a job offer If accepted, background checks are conducted. 
  • If not accepted management selects second candidates. 


 When candidates accept the offer in writing, a start date is set
 Badges and other official work documents are generated
 Applicant begins work on the start date.
 Benefits and vested dates begin Payroll records are generated First paycheck is sent.


 How To Counter Employee Resistance to Implementation of New Processes

 According to George Chast, “Simple! Include them!” He went on to say, “Contrary to most folks first thoughts, I do not believe it is fear of new ways or losing their job, I see that people naturally want to achieve their objectives and while they know they can do it the old way, they are not sure they can be successful for the business the new way.”

 The truth is that to get people to accept a change, the organization must make them part of the process from the very beginning. Interviews and conversation that will allay their fears should be done.

Training that will help checkmate the fear of people should be carried out.

When staff see they are included in the decision making process they take ownership of the change. And instead of being antagonistic they embrace the change that comes.

 Now we know how important it is for staff to be carried along in business process modeling, let's look at some top class modeling tools which can be adopted by your organization.




 Chapter 7: How To Choose The Right Business Process Modeling Software For Your Company


 As I mentioned earlier, the number of modeling tools in the market are many, making it difficult to choose the right business process modeling tool.

 Here is a checklist to help you select the appropriate software to purchase

 1. What is your Business Requirement?

 Does your business require complex diagrams, collaboration, multiple users, version tracking and a variety of other options?


Are you working in a medium-sized or large company?

 You may need a paid tool to ensure you have access to all the tools and options your company requires. In choosing a paid tool you should think about the medium to long term, for the best return on investment.

 2. What is your niche? Some tools cater for specific niches.

 Choosing a specific niche Business process modeling tool is far better since it is specifically tailored for your business.

Customization is a key benefit as the business analyst doesn’t waste time starting from scratch. One such tool is MindBODY whose core value proposition is helping small businesses in the health and wellness industry.

 N/B It is easier for suggested upgrade to be made when a tool caters for a specific niche as against when it is used across several industries.

 3. What are the Key Strength and Weakness?

 No two tools are completely the same. The Oracle tool, which is considered a Swiss Army knife for business process modeling is an overkill if your organization is small and so may be a drain on resources.

 As an organization you should compare the key benefit the software you want to purchase would give to you. You can create a table where you can mention the features and tick the requirements you need.

 4. How many Customers use the software?

 A tool used by many customers shows it is solid. Find out the number of organizations using the software.

 If the number is reasonable you can draw a conclusion that the software is capable of solving your process problem.


 5. Number of Positive Reviews

 The number of positive reviews a software has is a key indicator of how effective a tool is. When using reviews, make sure the review is analyzed on comparative basis. i.e business modelling tool of similar-sized users should be compared to one another before decision is made.

 6. Customer Care Relationship

 How quickly does the provider respond to an inquiry? No matter how good the user interface is; it’s important that you select a tool where the organization responds efficiently to customers’ inquiry.


 7. How Secure is the Site?

 Security is fundamental to every organization. Trade secrets need to be protected. You must endeavor to check how secure a business modeling tool is. Are the tools, diagrams, or document accessible onsite or in the cloud? Assuming you're using a cloud-based or intranet solution, is information passed over https or just http? Has there been any recent incidence of hacking reported?

 8. Ease of Export and Integration How easy is it to export documents from one tool to another?


What other software is the tool compatible with? Does the tool easily integrate with softwares like Excel? A tool is a plus if it can integrate with several tools.

 9. Tool Training Does the provider have a robust training suite?

Is it easy to learn how to train other staff? Do they have support staff close to your location? Or are they willing to deploy their staff for onsite training?

 10. How

Many User Licenses Do You Need? Some business process modeling tool limit the number of concurrent users. Some also charge per license which can be restrictive for small companies. If your organization needs to deploy less or more concurrent users at a given time then you need to choose a tool that satisfies that requirement.

 11. Return on Investment (ROI) As a business analyst, you should be able to convince management that deploying a particular tool will make the company create efficient process and increase the profit of the organization.


 Chapter 8: 8 Business Process Modeling Examples Collaborative Process 

source:https://cloud.smartdraw.com/editor.aspx?templateId=4d96cf9e-b763-4dd8-8b77-d8b5485c557e&noro=1


 2. Order To Cash Business Process Diagram McDonald’s Order to Cash Diagram by Creately Online Ordering Process by Bizagi

 3. Job Recruitment Business Process Model source:https://www.conceptdraw.com/examples/recruitment 

4.Magazine Production Process BPMN Diagram Source:https://www.edrawsoft.com/business-process-model.php


 5.Leave Request Business Process Diagram source:https://www.edrawsoft.com/business-process-model.php

 6. Surgery Business Process Diagram Example Source: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-705/paper9.pdf

 7. Simple Medical Diagnosis Business Process Model Diagram Source:http://wwwis.win.tue.nl/~wvdaalst/publications/p749.pdf

 8.Request For Quote(RFQ) Business Process Model(Diagram) Example

 Source:https://online.visual-paradigm.com/diagram-examples/business-process-diagram/request-of-quote/


 Conclusion This guide was created to enable you to understand what business process modeling is all about, the techniques to model a business process, and why business process modeling is important. It is important your business process models have a human face.

A process model without a human face will definitely lead to failure in the process as it will affect the productivity of the organization negatively. Don’t know the right business process modeling tool to choose? No worries. Let me send you a dead simple checklist that will save you time and money hunting through hundreds of tool just to get the right modeling software that saves you time and money. I need to save my time and money now.

Sunday, July 14, 2019

Difference between Visitors Insurance and Travel Insurance



Are you planning to travel into United States? Then one key thing you need is insurance.

In sourcing for insurance, you would see words like visitor insurance, travel medical insurance, trip insurance just to mention but a few.

What does this term mean? What are the differences? And which of these should you subscribe to? These are some of the things that will be addressed in this post.

If  you hear the term Travel insurance know it is a broad term that can be subdivided into two major categories namely:


1. Visitors Insurance

Visitors insurance covers medical issues that may arise during travel. This insurance covers both existing and new issues that may occur during your travel. Different terms for travel insurance include travel medical insurance, travel health insurance, trip medical insurance, trip health insurance and other terms not currently measured


2. Trip Cancellation or Travel Insurance


Travel insurance comes in handy if you want to protect yourself in any of the following scenario.

1. Sickness.

You might fall sick or get injured before a trip, or you could lose a job. Taking a travel insurance will help soften this loss.

2. Natural Disaster

If the destination you are traveling to sufferes an expected natural disaster a travel insurance cover can also help soften the blow.

Be sure the insurance will be of importance to you before taking trip cancellation insurance. So ensure you are aware of what the policy covers and the cost it entails. A plus of taking trip cancellation insurance is that it provides you emergency Medicaid insurance if you fall ill during the trip.




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